Jennifer Widom
Frederick Emmons Terman Dean of the School of Engineering, and Fletcher Jones Professor in Computer Science and Electrical Engineering at Stanford University, Ph.D. - Cornell University.

Note: the following books are not recommended by Professor Widom. They are books that have been used as reference texts in one/some courses she has taught.

A database is a collection of data that is organized in a specific way, allowing for efficient retrieval and manipulation of the data. In computer science and engineering, the field of databases encompasses the design, implementation, and management of databases. Database management systems (DBMS) are software systems that are used to manage and interact with databases.

One of the key concepts in databases is the relational model, which is a way of organizing data into tables that consist of rows and columns. The relational model is based on the concept of relations, which are mathematical objects that represent the relationships between the data. Relational databases are widely used in a variety of applications, including business, finance, and healthcare.

Another important concept in databases is the Structured Query Language (SQL), which is a language used to interact with databases. SQL is used to create, modify, and query databases, and it is the standard language for relational databases. SQL allows users to perform a wide range of tasks, such as inserting, updating, and retrieving data from a database.

Another important concept in databases is the concept of data normalization, which is the process of organizing data in a way that minimizes data redundancy and improves the accuracy and integrity of the data. Normalization is a technique that is used to design the database schema and to ensure that the data is stored in a consistent and logical way.

A distributed database is a database that is spread across multiple locations or machines. Distributed databases are designed to provide scalability, availability, and performance, and they are widely used in a variety of applications, such as e-commerce, telecommunications, and financial services.

Data warehousing and data mining are two important areas related to databases. Data warehousing is the process of collecting, storing, and managing large amounts of data in a way that allows for efficient data analysis. Data mining is the process of discovering patterns and knowledge from large amounts of data. These technologies are widely used in a variety of applications, such as business intelligence, fraud detection, and customer relationship management.

In conclusion, databases play a critical role in computer science and engineering. They provide the necessary tools to store, retrieve, and manipulate large amounts of data, and they are used in a wide range of applications. The field of databases is constantly evolving, as new technologies and applications emerge, and it is crucial to keep up with the latest developments in order to ensure the effectiveness and efficiency of databases.